The Violence Against Women During the COVID-19 Pandemics
One of the biggest crises of the modern world – the COVID-19 pandemic – brought with itself new measures to be implemented all around the world. The lockdowns imposed to prevent the spread of the virus affected terribly numerous aspects of everyday life but mainly created a hidden pandemic indoors. The purpose of this paper is to underline the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in what concerns the violence against women (VAW). Although it might seem early for estimating the damages produced in this area of study, there can be envisaged many statistics, a lot of system weaknesses, and possible solutions to help the victims. This article aims to resume the whole chaos installed on the Globe behind the closed doors, in the family - the most intimate place, where the joy and the love should dominate.
Aguero, J. (2020). COVID-19 and the rise of intimate partner violence. World Development, 137(105217). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7522673/ https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105217
Bradbury-Jones, C., & Isham, L. (2020). The pandemic paradox: The consequences of COVID-19 on domestic violence. Journal of Clinic Nursing, 29(13-14), 2047-2049. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15296
Brooks, S., Webster, R., Smith, L., Woodland, L., Wessley, S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, G. J. (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: Rapid review of the evidence. Rapid Review, 395(10227), 912-920. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30460-8
Campbell, A. (2020). An increasing risk of family violence during the COVID-19 pandemic: Strengthening community collaborations to save lives. Forensic Science International: Reports, 2 (100089). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsir.2020.100089
Connor, J., Madhavan, S., Mokashi, M., Amanuel, H., Johnson, N., Pace, L., & Bartz, D. (2020). Health risks and outcomes that disproportionately affect women during the COVID-19 pandemic: A review. Social Science and Medicine, 266(113364). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113364
Defining Violence against Women and Girls (2010, October 31) Center To End Violence Against Women And Girls. Retrieved September 20, 2020, from https://www.endvawnow.org/en/articles/295-defining-violence-against-women-and-girls.html.
Dejtiar Waksman, R., & Blank, D. (2020). The importance of domestic violence in times of COVID-19. Residencia Pediatrica, 10 (2), 1-6. doi: 10.25060/residpediatr-2020.v10n2-414
Espinosa-Bejarano, M. (2020). Enemigo silente durante la pandemia COVID-19 en Colombia : La violencia contra la mujer"[Silent enemy during the COVID-19 pandemic in Colombia:Violence against women]. Salutem Scientia Spiritus, 6(1), 181-186. https://revistas.javerianacali.edu.co/index.php/salutemscientiaspiritus/article/view/2368
European Institute for Gender Equality. (2020, October). Gender Equality Index 2020: Digitalisation and the future of work European Institute for Gender Equality. Retrieved September 19, 2020, from https://eige.europa.eu/publications/gender-equality-index-2020-digitalisation-and-future-work
Kofman, Y., & Garfin, D. R. (2020). Home is not always a haven: The Domestic violence crisis amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 12(S1), 1998-2001. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000866
Liu, Y. C., Kuo, R. L., Shih, S. R., (2020). COVID-19: The first documented coronavirus pandemic in history, Biomedical Journal, 43(4), 328-333. doi: 10.1016/j.bj.2020.04.007
Mahase, E. (2020). COVID-19: EU States report 60% rise in emergency calls about domestic violence, BMJ (Clinical research ed.), 369. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.m1872.
Ndedi, A. (2020). Framework in ending violence against women and girls with the advent of the COVID-19 from an African perspective. Retrieved September 9, 2020, from https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3575288
Peterman, A., Potts, A., O'Donnell, M., Thompson, K., Shah, N., Oertelt-Prigione, S., & Van Gelder, N., (2020). Pandemics and violence against women and children. Center for Global Development, Working Paper 528. https://www.cgdev.org/publication/pandemics-and-violence-against-women-and-children
Porta, M. (2016). A Dictionary of Epidemiology (6th ed.). Oxford University Press. DOI:10.1093/acref/9780199976720.001.0001
Reynolds, M, & Weiss, S. (2020, May 27). How coronavirus started and what happens next, explained. Retrieved September 19, 2020, from https://www.wired.co.uk/article/china-coronavirus
Segato, R. L. (2016). Patriarchy from margin to center: Discipline, territoriality, and cruelty in the apocalyptic phase of capital. South Atlantic Quarterly, 115(3), 615-624. https://doi.org/10.1215/00382876-3608675
Sharifi, F., Larki, M., & Roudsari, R. L. (2020). COVID-19 Outbreak as a threat of violence against women. Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, 8(3), 2376-2379. https://doi.org/10.22038/jmrh.2020.16036
Souza Marques, E., Leite de Moraes, C., Hasselmann, M. H., Ferreira Deslandes, S., & Reichenheim, M. E. (2020). Violence against women, children, and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic: Overview, contributing factors, and mitigating measures. Cadernos de Saude Publica, 36 (4). https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00074420
Toledo, Y. M., (2020). Representing violence against women in Latin American Media. The International Encyclopedia of Gender, Media, and Communication. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119429128.iegmc320
United Nations. (2020, April 9). The Impact of COVID-19 on Women. Retrieved September 18, 2020, from https://www.un.org/sexualviolenceinconflict/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/report/policy-brief-the-impact-of-covid-19-on-women/policy-brief-the-impact-of-covid-19-on-women-en-1.pdf
Usher K., Bhullar, N., Durkin, J., Gyamfi, N., Jackson, D. (2020). Family violence and COVID-19: Increased vulnerability and reduced options for support. International Journal for Mental Health Nursing, 29(4), 549-552. https://doi.org/10.1111/inm.12735
Vasquez Correa, L., (2020). Violencias contra las mujeres en el contexto de la COVID-19: Escenarios y desafios, Espacio I+D [Violence against women in COVID-19: Scenarios and challenges, Espacio I + D]. Innovacion mas desarrollo, 9(25), 129-144. Retrieved September 16, 2020, from http://idbdocs.iadb.org/wsdocs/getdocument.aspx?docnum=EZSHA
Welzer-Lang, Daniel (2005). Arrête ! Tu me fais mal, La violence domestique en 60 questions et 59 réponses [Stopped! You're hurting me. Domestic violence in 60 questions and 59 answers]. Petite Bibliothèque Payot.
Wenham, C., Smith, J., Davies S., Feng, H., Grepin, K., Harman, S., Herten-Crabb, A., & Morgan R. (2020, July 8). Women are most affected by pandemics – lessons from past outbreaks. Retrieved September 29, 2020, from https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-02006-z#ref-CR2
Wetsman, N. (2020, November 4). Everything you need to know about coronavirus. Stay alert, and be prepared. The Verge. Report. https://www.theverge.com/2020/1/23/21078457/coronavirus-outbreak-china-wuhan-quarantine-who-sars-cdc-symptoms-risk
Copyright (c) 2020 Academic seminar "Media and Education", Department of Sociology, South-West University
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.