The unprecedented increase in the relative size of the older population has created major challenges for many countries around the world. It strains existing systems of social and financial support for older people as the burdens of intergenerational dependency increase. In addition to these demographic changes, the trend toward ever-increasing economic globalization is in many countries transforming existing social institutions including the social welfare policies that support older people
The purposes of this article are twofold:
First, the author reviews the main areas of research on global aging, including issues such as (1) family structure and living arrangements; (2) care burdens and (3) retirement and old-age financial security. In each of these areas, the research we suggest economic globalization that in the decades ahead developing countries are likely to be confronted with even greater challenges than the developed countries linked to population aging in an ever more competitive global economy.
Second, the author suggests directions for future research on global aging for more adequate analysis of the links between global aging, economic globalization and social policies designed to deal with the well-being of workers across the life course up to and including old age.
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