The Handicapping «Forgetting» of Waste Workers in the Approach of Education to the Sustainable Development of Society
Among the problems of postmodernism, the article will make a reasoned plea for waste management education for sustainable development. While some academics criticize the term "development" as a paradigm of endless utopian capitalist evolution, there is a consensus on the need to change society's relationship to the world and to adopt more appropriate behaviours.
Unfortunately, waste management is not "thought" as a cultural need for education, but as a stack of sensitization actions and the prescription of an ideal of cleanliness linked to the efficiency of the function. Waste abandoned in inappropriate spaces (litter) and made 'visible' by the abandonment of masks related to the health crisis is not taken into account in expectations of improvement, creating the 'dropping out' of a large part of the population according to Vygotsky's theory in the proximal development zone. In the same movement, the sensitization action for better waste management is carried out by invisibilisation and maintaining the segregation of waste workers, present in all living areas, in contact with actual behaviour. Workers in the waste sector are ignored and invisible, even in the recent information report presented to the national assembly on "precarious" jobs in the link. Taking into account the resources offered by the educational sciences, particularly the pedagogy of decision-making could help to change the role of these professionals to improve the relationship between citizens and their waste, as is already the case in some municipalities.
Barrois, A. & Devetter, F. X. (2017). Short durations, long days. Fragmentation of working time and pressure on wages. La nouvelle revue du travail, 11.
Barthes, A. (2017). Hidden curriculum. In A. Barthes, J. M. Lange & N. Tutiaux-Guillon (Eds.), Critical Dictionary of Issues and Concepts of "Education to" (pp.360-368). l'Harmattan.
Bataille, J. M. (2010). Decision-making pedagogy: Deciding with the public in socio-cultural animation [Ph.D. Thesis, the University of Paris west Nanterre]. https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01002123/document
Berger, M. & Gayet-Viaud, C. (2011). From politics as a thing to politics as an activity.
Investigating the political future of ordinary experience. In M. Berger, D. Cefaï & C. Gayet-Viaud (Eds.), Civil to political: ethnographies of living together (pp. 9-24). PIE Peter Lang. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/123981
Bonnel, B. & Ruffin, F. (2020, June 24). Economic Affairs. National Assembly. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/dyn/15/dossiers/metiers_du_lien_rap-info
Bresson, M. (2020). Sociology of precariousness (3rd ed.). Armand Colin.
Brundtland, G. H. (1987). Our common future. Oxford University Press
César, C., Gaubert, C., & Larguèze, B. (2001). Distance to the school world, "autonomy of the
child" and attendance of half-board: the disaffection of school canteens in the colleges of Seine-Saint-Denis. In M. Joubert, P. Chauvin, F. Fancy, V. Ringa (Eds.), Precaution, risk and health (pp.335-350). Berger-Levrault.
César, C. (2006). National Education and workers: the mammoth and the mice? In P. Cours-
Saliès, S. Le Lay (Eds.), The bottom of the ladder. The social construction of subordinate situations (pp. 97-107). ERES.
Circular of (1977, May 18) relating to the household waste disposal service. Application of Title IV of Law n° 75-633 of 15 July 1975.
Charvollin, F. (2000). The intelligence of selective sorting. In A. Micaud, M. Peroni (Eds.), What connects us (pp. 261- 279). de l’Aube.
Corsica Community. (2018). Report N° 2018/O2/350. Declination of the 2018-2021 waste action plan. The president of the executive council of Corsica.
Corsica Environmental Office. (2019, December 10). Le seul choix c'est le porte à porte généralisé [Tocc’à voi. Waste the only choices general door-to-door]. Corse Net Infos. https://www.oec.corsica/Tocc-a-Voi-Dechets-le-seul-choix-c-est-le-porte-a-porte-generalise_a2099.html
Corteel, D., & Le Lay, S. (2011). Waste workers. Eres.
Cours-Saliès, P., & Le Lay, S. (2006). The bottom of the ladder. The social construction of subordinate situations. Eres
Decree 2020-903 (July 24). Revaluing the fire allowance allocated to professional firefighters.https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000042148192&categorieLien=id#:~:text=sapeurs%2Dpompiers%20professionnels-,D%C3%A9cret%20n%C2%B0%202020%2D903%20du%2024%20juillet%202020%20portant,allou%C3%A9e%20aux%20sapeurs%2Dpompiers%20professionnels
Desjonquères, A. (2019). Cleaning jobs: what types of jobs, what conditions? Work? Dares.
Door-to-door glass collection: the system is expensive at Hazebrouck. (2014, September 27).
La Voix du Nord. https://www.lavoixdunord.fr/art/region/collecte-du-verre-en-porte-a-porte- le-systeme-coute-ia18b47651n2402998
Durkheim, É. (1986). De la division du travail social [The division of labor in society]. (11th ed.). PUF.
Dussuet, A. (2005). Women's work: Surveys of home-based services. L’Harmattan.
Dussuet, A. (2010, September 2-3). Cleaning up: A relational activity? Communication at the International colloquium ”The relational dimension of the service professions: gender concealment or gender revelation?”. Lausanne. https://www.unil.ch/files/live/sites/ceg/files/shared/TexteAnnieDussuet.pdf
Dupré, M. (2013). Social representations of selective sorting and waste according to the
sorting practices. Les Cahiers Internationaux de Psychologie Sociale, 98(2), 173 209.
European Union directive (2018, May 30) No 2018/851 Amending Directive 2008/98/EC on Waste.
Faburel, G. (2013). The inhabitant and the knowledge of inhabiting it as unthinkable of participatory democracy. In V. Biau, M. Fenker, E. Macaire (Eds.), Involvement of the inhabitants in the making of the city. Trades and practices in question (pp 31-54). Les Cahiers.
Fiorello, A. (2011). Household waste sorting behaviour: a marketing approach [Ph.D. Thesis Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis]. https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00657765/document
Giolitto, P. (1991). For an environmental culture. Aménagement et Nature, 101, 3-5.
Glaser, B. G., Strauss, A. (2017). Discovering anchored theory: Qualitative research strategies. Routledge.
Honneth, A. (2004). Recognition Theory: A Draft. Revue du MAUSS, (1), 133-136.
Lange, J. M. (2017). Education for sustainable development. In A. Barthes, J. M. Lange & N.
Tutiaux-Guillon (Eds.), Critical Dictionary of Issues and Concepts of "Education to" (pp.82-91). l'harmattan.
Le Lay, S., & Corteel, D. (2014). La mise en prescription parisienne de l’idéal de propreté.
Quelle méthode ? Quels effets ? [The Parisian prescription of the ideal of cleanliness. Which method? What effects?]. La nouvelle revue du travail, 4, Article 4. http://journals.openedition.org/nrt/1624 ; https://doi.org/10.4000/nrt.1624
Lenormand, A. (2017, July 28). Garbage collection: Defender of rights calls on users to testify. Bank of the Territories. https://www.banquedesterritoires.fr/collecte-des-ordures-menageres-le-defenseur-des-droits-appelle-les-usagers-temoigner
Lucioni, B.I. (2020, January 12). Citizen crisis meeting in the face of the waste emergency in Corsica | Corse Matin. https://www.corsematin.com/articles/reunion-citoyenne-de-crise-face-a-lurgence-des-dechets-en-corse-98409
Malo, P. (2020, March 13). In China, surgical masks end up on the beaches. Conso Globe.
Martin, H (2020, June 29). Throwing cigarette ends and masks: the scourge. Charente Libre
Ministry of Ecological and Inclusive Transition. (2020). Directive (EU) No. 2018/851 of 30/05/18 amending Directive 2008/98/EC on waste. https://aida.ineris.fr/consultation_document/40800
Ministry of Ecological and Inclusive Transition. (2020, June). An information campaign
against masks and gloves thrown to the ground.
Ministry of National Education, Youth, and Sports (2020, August 7). Technical assistant for educational institutions. https://www.education.gouv.fr/adjoint-technique-des-etablissements-d-enseignement-10820
Ministry of Solidarity and Health. (2020, August 6). Le Ségur de la santé : 50 jours de
Consultations [The Ségur of Health: 50 days of consultation].. https://solidarites-sante.gouv.fr/systeme-de-sante-et-medico-social/segur-de-la-sante-les-conclusions/article/la-segur-de-la-sante-50-jours-de-concertation
Ministry of Solidarity and Health. (2020, August 6). La Ségur de la santé: les conclusions [The Ségur of health : The conclusions].
N’daricaling, L. (2020, June 10). Coronavirus: Protective gloves and masks pollute.
The Mediterranean Sea. TV5MONDE.
Nizzoli, C. (2015). C’est du propre ! [It's clean!]. Presses Universitaires de France.
On the road to the holidays, more than 1 in 3 French people throw rubbish out
of their car window. (2019). IPSOS. https://www.ipsos.com/fr-fr/sur-la-route-des-vacances-plus-d1-francais-sur-3-jette-des-dechets-par-la-fenetre-de-sa-voiture
Paugam, S. (2009). Preface to the eighth edition. Social disqualification, twenty years
later. Presses Universitaires de France.
Pedrosa, C. (2020, May 29). Zero waste: Biodegradable masks soon? L’info durable.
Passot, A. (2018, October 29). These 4 European cities are champions of zero waste.
Pennanec’h, P., & Lecalot, G. (2020, May 15). This crisis is bringing in more waste:
The puzzle of recycling single-use masks. France info.
Regional Agency for Biodiversity and the Environment. (2020, August 7). Sorting ambassador job description. https://www.arpe-arb.org/fiche_metier.asp?MeNum=Me00000040
Reyssat, F. (2015). Dominance and resistance at work. A study about corporeal experience of
cleaning workers. [Ph.D. Thesis, University Paris Diderot Paris 7]. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01254516
Rostagnat, M. (2020, June 19) Caen: Strike called after the suicide of a garbage collector,
sacked for drinking two beers. BFM TV https://www.bfmtv.com/societe/caen-appel-a-la-greve-apres-le-suicide-d-un-eboueur-licencie-pour-avoir-consomme-deux-bieres_AV-202006190019.html
Sauvé, L. (2008). A strange attractor, a "barbarian invasion". Pour, 198, 46-54.
Sellenet, C. (2006). The complexity of foster care: a leitmotif in the field of childhood.
Dialogue, 167(1), 51–60.
Strauss, A. Corbin, J. (1994).Méthodologie de la théorie ancrée [Grounded theory
Methodology]. Manuel de recherche qualitative, 17(1), 273-285.
Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (2019, April 3) Littering
The zero waste approach. (2020, August 7). Zero Waste France.
TNS Sofres (2006, June). The French and littering [PowerPoint slides]. SlideShare.
Triet, K. (2015, December 12). Roannais waste. The abandonment of door-to-door collection
Vygotsky, L. (2019). Thought and language. Edition la dispute. (Original work published 1934).
World Cleanup Day. (2020, August 5)."World Cleanup Day".
Yacou, Y. & Léveillé, A. (2020, May 31). Australian researchers create ae biodegradable mask made from sugar cane residue. Guadeloupe la 1ère.
Copyright (c) 2020 Academic seminar "Media and Education", Department of Sociology, South-West University
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.