The Cyberbullying Phenomenon – Contemporary Narrative Form of Aggression in the School

  • Rusanka Mancheva SWU "Neofit Rilski"
Keywords: students, cyberbullying, internet space, victim

Abstract

The development of internet networks has undoubtedly increased the awareness of everyone who uses them. How far, however, perceived information delivers only positive experiences depending on its content. Everyone prefers to read for himself or herself or see himself or herself on the internet in priority in a positive light. Internet communication, however, also provides another opportunity - the negative relationships that have arisen from the real communication environment to be transmitted into cyberspace. The phenomenon of causing pain, harm, demonstration of hatred and enmity through the capabilities of social internet networks is referred to as cyberbullying. It is a contemporary form sending and receiving information, which, since its distribution, aims to injure, frighten the recipient or embarrass him in front of more people. The article presents the results of a study conducted with students from different schools in Bulgaria. No matter what age or gender the students are, the strongest effect of change occurs in their behavioral responses. Negative experiences make the victims unsure. Students who are victimized by cyberbullying lose their desire to go to school, they even close for their friends, neglect their academic preparation, more at home, watch more TV, avoid the society of their classmates, reduce their internet activity. This closeness and contact limitation enhances their experiences. Girls’ victims of cyberbullying are more likely to turn to their parents for help than boys.

Keywords: students, cyberbullying, internet space, victim

References

Brand, S., Felner, R., Shim, M., Seitsinger, A., & Dumas, T. (2003). Middle school improvement and reform: development and validation of a school-level assessment of climate, cultural pluralism, and school safety. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95(3), 570–588. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.95.3.570

Craig,W., Harel-Fisch, Y., Fogel-Grinvald, H., Dostaler, S. (2009). A cross-national profile of bullying and victimization among adolescents in 40 countries. International Journal of Public Health, 54(2), 216-24. doi: 10.1007/s00038-009-5413-9

Espelage, D. L., & Swearer, S. M. (2003). Research on school bullying and victimization: What have we learned and where do we go from here? School Psychology Review, 32, 365–383. DOI: 10.1080/02796015.2003.12086206

Ferrara P., Ianniello F., Villani A. &Corsello, G. (2018). Cyberbullying a modern form of bullying: lets talk about this health and social problem. Italian Journal of Pediatrics, 44(1). DOI: 10.1186/s13052-018-0446-4

Juvoven, J., & Gross, E. F. (2008). Bullying experiences in cyberspace. Journal of School Health, 78, 496–505. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2008.00335.x

Kasen, S., Berenson, K.R., Cohen, P., Johnson, G.J. (2004). Bullying in American schools: A social-ecological perspective on prevention and intervention. NY: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. https://doi.org/10.1037/11330-000

Menesini E., Nocentini, A., Palladino, B. (2012). Empowering Students against Bullying and Cyberbullying: Evaluation of an Italian Peer-led Model. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 6(2), 313-320. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4119/ijcv-2922

Nishina, A., Juvonen, J., Witkow, M. R. (2005). The Psychosocial, somatic, and scholastic consequences of peer harassment. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 34(1), 37–48. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp3401_4

Notar, C. E., Padgett, S., Roden, J. (2013). Cyberbullying: Resources for intervention and prevention. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 1(3), 133 – 145.

https://www.learntechlib.org/p/160666/.

Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at school: What we know and what we can do. Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.10114

Olweus, D., & Limber, S. P. (2010). Bullying in school: evaluation and dissemination of the olweus bullying prevention program. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 80, 124–134. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1939-0025.2010.01015.x

Pontes, N. M., Ayres, C., Lewandowski, C., Pontes, M. (2018). Trends in bullying victimization by gender among U.S. high school students. Res Nurs Health, 41(3), 243-251. DOI: 10.1002/nur.21868

Randall, P. (1996). Adult bullying: perpetrators and victims. Routledge.

Salmivalli, C., Huttunen, A., & Lagerspetz, K. M. J. (1997). Peer networks and bullying in schools. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 38(4), 305–312. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9450.00040

Slonje, R., Smith, P. K., & Frisen, A. (2013). Processes of cyberbullying, and feelings of re-morse by bullies: a pilot study. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 9, 244–259. https://doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2011.643670

Smith, P. K., Mahdavi, J., Carvalho, M., Fisher, S., Russell, S., & Tippett, N. (2008). Cyberbullying: its nature and impact in secondary school pupils. Journal of Child, Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 376–385. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2007.01846.x

Wong-Lo, M., Bullock L.M., Gable, R.A. (2011). Cyberbullying: practices to face digital aggression. Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, 16(3), 317-325. https://doi.org/10.1080/13632752.2011.595098

Published
2020-04-02
How to Cite
Mancheva, R. (2020). The Cyberbullying Phenomenon – Contemporary Narrative Form of Aggression in the School. Postmodernism Problems, 10(1), 41-61. https://doi.org/10.46324/PMP2001041