Comparative Analysis of the “Processuality” of the Idea of Civil Society in Europe and Azerbaijan
The article is devoted to the study of the institution of civil society. The article analyzes the role of the civil society institution and provides a broad analysis of this institution in Europe and Azerbaijan.
In modern reality, the “rule of law” and “civil society” are not only integral parts of a single whole, but also determine mutual development. The interaction of the “rule of law” and “civil society” occurs in accordance with the action of the universal philosophical category of “content and form”. In this case, the rule of law acts as a “form”, an external shell, within which civil society exists as a “content”, internal content.
The concept of “civil society” is as old as the concept of “state”. For more than two millennia, these two phenomena of objective reality exist and interact. All this time scientists who sometimes put forward contradictory theories about their origin and existence have studied them.
Also, in the article, based on a comparative political and legal analysis, the role of state bodies in the development of civil society is investigated. Analyzing the formation of the ideas of civil society in Europe and Azerbaijan, it concludes that civil society, as an ideal type is the differentiation of state and public life, the differentiation of general and private interest, the differentiation of law, religion, morality and individual morality. The problems of differentiation of public, state and private life actualizes the problems of necessary (or sufficient) consolidation by the state, which does not abolish public, corporate, individual freedoms and options for public consolidation.
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