Cosmosociology and the burden of “ISMs”, axiomatics and social subjectivism
The times we live in require that fundamental changes be made in sociological knowledge. The launching of the first Soviet sputnik ushered in an era of social transitivity, which has gradually extended to the subjective direction of sociological knowledge.
Until today sociology has undergone several stages in its focus of cognitive interest. Beginning with the study of the nature of society, it has gone on to the latter's historical characteristics, and, through empirical sociology, has turned to description of the present, the concrete "here" and "now".
Tendencies to focusing on future perspectives also arose. Thus, the general theory of society has begun to turn into social futurology. All components in the latter assume the aspect of transformed past situations.
In the present day, society demands knowledge mostly about the future situation of humankind; society requires and necessarily asserts certain prospections.
Insights into the future of society, insofar as they are, or strive to be, scientific prospection, should serve as guiding principles in the study of the present as well.
The extension of social praxis to outer space requires a transition towards purposeful self-adaptation. Thus, cultural science, as a theoretical paradigm of creative transformation, gradually turns into anthropology.
Man's adaption needs require that anthropology encompasses biology as well (for anthropology becomes not only social, but biological…).
The depths of animal adaptive experience contain in potential form nearly the whole capacity of the human species to survive, at least for a certain time, in the cosmic macro and micro world.
As human knowledge encounters these spheres, it is obliged to view itself and society beyond the confines of the usual world view. Until now, the anthropocentric approach did not permit thinking about what lies beyond society and human thought, and it was unable to do so even in arbitrary imagination.
Today, knowledge must free itself of the paradigm of "Man as the measure of all things" and, uniting the cognitive potential of past and present humanity, must focus on what lies beyond the human, and even beyond the existent in general…
In other words, cognition must overcome the primeval, organic focus on the ego and seek a new paradigm of knowledge…
But what might this paradigm be?!
Copyright (c) 2014 Academic seminar "Media and Education", Department of Sociology, South-West University
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