Enlightenment Movement in Azerbaijane

  • Zohra Aliyeva Institute of Philosophy of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences
Keywords: enlightenment, religion, intellectual-enlightened atmosphere, East and West, natural rights, natural human


In the nineteenth century in Azerbaijan literature new intellectual atmosphere was emerged. The emergence of new creative literary forces reflected in itself the synthesis of traditional Islamic and contemporary Russian-European culture as a social and cultural phenomenon. Azerbaijani culture is a unique culture that combines cultures of Caucasian peoples, Turkic-Muslim peoples, European peoples, and has emerged at the junction of the related religions and ideologies of great civilizations like the East and the West, small and numerous nations of the world. That is, "Caucasian, Russian, European, and Persian cultural values are united in Azerbaijani culture" (Dashdamirov 1996: 11). The complex approach, logical-historicism, the principles of comparative approach, systematic analysis methods constitute theoretical-methodological basis of the article. The author has referred to the works of European, French, Russian and Azerbaijani literary scholars while working on the research.


Aliyeva, Z. (2011). Azerbaijani and French enlightenment: mutual relations.[Azerbaijani and French enlightenment: mutual relations]. Baku: Seda press

Dashdamirov, А. F. (1996). National idea and ethnicity. Moscow.

Gаsimzаdeh, F. (1962). M. F. Аkhundоv's life and activities. Bакu: Аzerneshr.

Gаsimzаdeh, F. (1966). History of the 19th century Azerbaijan literature. Bакu: Mааrif

Georgeon, F. (1996). Note on Modernism in Azerbaijan at the Turn of the Century. Muslim Reform in Central Asia from the First Renewal to Sovietization, 1788-1937. Russian World Papers, Special Issue, XXXVII/1-2.

Кocharli, F. (1999). M.F.Аkhundоv's outlook. Bакu: Еlm

Mammadоv, K. (1987). From “Ekinchi” till “Mоllа Nasraddin”. Bакu: Yаzichi.

Mammadоv, N. (1978). M. F. Аkhundоv's realism. Bакu: Еlm

Russo, J. J. (1969). Тreatise. Моscow: Science

Tagiyev, A., Mustafayev, A., Balayev, M. (1994). The emergence of Azerbaijani national idea and its development. Baku: ADPU press.

Todorov, Tz. (1985). Fragile happiness. Essay about Rousseau. Paris: Hachette.

Todorov, Tz. (2007). The spirit of Lumières. Pas: Robert Laffont.

How to Cite
Aliyeva, Z. (2019). Enlightenment Movement in Azerbaijane. Postmodernism Problems, 9(3), 429-439. Retrieved from http://pmpjournal.org/index.php/pmp/article/view/202